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The Piper Aztec is an example of an aircraft that would require a pilot-in-command to have private pilot license or greater, with an airplane multi-engine land (AMEL) class rating, a complex endorsement and a high-performance endorsement in South Africa
Different types of private licenses are issued for the major categories of aircraft. It is possible to obtain a license for, e.g., rotorcraft or airships, without first — or ever — obtaining a license for a fixed-wing aircraft. However, limitations, such as “limited to hot air balloons with airborne heater” for hot air balloon ratings (as opposed to a gas balloon) will appear on the license under the “Limitations” portion of the certificate. The classes listed on the license further define which aircraft of a given category the license holder is qualified to operate.
With respect to the certification of airmen, the structure of aircraft categories and further subdivision into classes are as follows.
A license will contain a number of sub-qualifications or ratings. These specify in more detail the actual privileges of the license, including the types of aircraft that can be flown, whether flight under Instrument Flight Rules and at night is allowed, and whether instructing and examining of trainee pilots is authorized. Ratings include Single and/or Multi-Engine Aircraft, Land or Seaplane, each of which require a checkride with an approved examiner.